Habits People with Healthy Cholesterol Swear By
										Medication-free ways to reduce your risk of heart disease.

Habits People with Healthy Cholesterol Swear By Medication-free ways to reduce your risk of heart disease.

Cholesterol is confusing. Do you remember your numbers from your last blood test? Do you know what they say about your heart health? Most people would probably answer “no” to both questions because cholesterol can be difficult to understand. What’s more, your high cholesterol may be inherited rather than primarily due to lifestyle factors.

Whether your unhealthy cholesterol profile is genetically linked or a result of poor diet and exercise habits, you can improve your numbers and your health by improving your diet with or without cholesterol-lowering medications. Just adopt the eating habits that science shows are consistent with people who have healthy cholesterol levels. They are many of the same eating strategies that can positively impact your health in many powerful ways.

Before we explore those eating habits associated with healthy cholesterol, let’s get a better understanding of what cholesterol is and how it affects our health. Cholesterol is a waxy fat-like substance that rides your bloodstream throughout your body on lipoproteins. It’s fat-like, but not a fat. You can’t burn it off with exercise the way you can fat. (However, exercise plays a key role in affecting the makeup of cholesterol in your bloodstream; on that later.) Your liver makes and regulates cholesterol, which is essential for certain body functions, and you also get it from the foods you eat.

In recent years, scientists have identified a subtype of LDL that seems to be more dangerous to the cardiovascular system. It’s called small, dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDL-c) and it’s associated with high triglycerides (a blood fat), decreased levels of the good HDL, as well as obesity and metabolic syndrome, which is a cluster of conditions linked to heart disease and diabetes. The trouble with small dense LDL particles is that they are more inclined to attach to the endothelium, the lining of blood vessels, where they can build up into a plaque that can break off and cause a clot that triggers heart attack or stroke. (If you’re over 50, you’ll want to read about the Side Effects of High Cholesterol After 50.

Fortunately, eating habits that promote overall good health and weight loss are the same that may improve your cholesterol profile and lower your risk for cardiovascular disease.

“As a nutritionist, I’ve seen firsthand how a heart-healthy diet that helps reduce LDL cholesterol levels consists of foods rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and healthy proteins and low in added sugar, salt, and saturated fats like butter, and fatty meats,” says registered dietitian nutritionist Lisa Young, PhD, RDN, author of Finally Full, Finally Slim and a member of our medical expert board.

Here are some eating habits common among people who have lowered their cholesterol to healthy levels:

“I have a family history of high cholesterol, so I am conscious of my diet and have managed to keep my cholesterol at a healthy range without any medications,” says nutritionist Christina Laboni, MhSc, RD.

Her go-to breakfast is steel-cut oats. “Oatmeal contains soluble fiber, a type of fiber that helps lower LDL cholesterol in our blood,” she says. “A lot of people will talk about foods to cut out or avoid with high cholesterol which does have a place, but it’s always good to focus on what you can add to your diet rather than take away. Steel-cut oats are the least processed and take longer to cook, so I often make a big batch that I can reheat throughout the week.”

Eaten daily, three to four grams of soluble fiber has been shown in studies to help lower LDL cholesterol almost 10%.

Oatmeal isn’t the only way to boost your soluble fiber intake. “Breakfast is a perfect way to start the day out right, as you have an opportunity to choose many plant-based options for fiber to help lower LDL ‘bad’ cholesterol and raise HDL ‘good’ cholesterol,” says Amber Ingram, RD, a registered dietitian at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center. “Soluble fiber is found in the skin and peels of fruits, vegetables, and legumes.”

“It is becoming more clear that genetics play a larger role in how the body processes cholesterol but there are still some dietary habits that can lead to high cholesterol and drinking a lot of sugary beverages is one of them,” says Trista Best, RD, a registered dietitian at Balance One Supplements and a professor of nutrition.

Making a habit of avoiding sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) like soda, juice cocktails, sugary alcoholic cocktails, and sweet teas and coffees may help your cholesterol levels. Best points to a 12-year study in the Journal of the American Heart Association involving 6,000 participants that found that increased SSB consumption was associated with high cholesterol, including adverse changes in the good HDL cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations.

By eating the standard American diet, the average American falls short of the recommended 21 to 25 grams of dietary fiber daily for women and 30 to 38 grams for men grams. And getting enough of the soluble kind is especially difficult. If you’re finding it hard to get enough fiber, one option is to take a fiber supplement like psyllium husks.

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